It has been the endeavor of the Ministry of Tourism to put in place a system of training and professional education with necessary infrastructural support capable of generating manpower sufficient to meet the needs of the tourism and hospitality industry, both quantitatively and qualitatively. Ministry of Tourism has extended financial support for the establishment of various Central IHMs, State IHMs and Food Craft Institutes (FCIs) across the country. These institutes were set up as autonomous societies with a specific mandate to impart / conduct hospitality education / training in hospitality skills.
Training programs in the field of Hotel Management, Catering and Nutrition were initiated by Government of India in the year 1962 under the Department of Food, Ministry of Agriculture. To begin with, four Institutes of Hotel Management, Catering Technology and Applied Nutrition were set up at New Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai and Kolkata. For imparting training in hospitality related craft disciplines, 12 Food Craft Institutes were also set up at different places in the country. Consequent to transfer of the program to the Ministry of Tourism in October 1982, format of the various training programs was reoriented and remodelled keeping in view the professional workforce requirements of the country’s fast expanding accommodation and catering industry. In order to harness the resources and also to provide a central thrust to the program, Ministry of Tourism also established the National Council for Hotel Management and Catering Technology (NCHMCT) in the year 1982. Main objectives for setting up the Council at the apex level were:
- To advise the Government on coordinated development of hotel management and catering education.
- To collect, collate and implement international development in the area of human resource development for the hospitality sector.
- To affiliate institutes and prescribe courses of study and instructions leading to examinations conducted by it.
- To standardize courses and infrastructure requirements for institutes imparting education and training in hospitality management.
- To prescribe educational and other qualifications, experience, etc. for members of staff in the affiliated institutes an organize faculty development programs.
- To award Certificates and Diplomas in Hospitality and Hotel Administration.
As a result of vast expansion and modernization of the country’s hospitality industry, hotel management and catering education programs gained tremendous popularity and the profile of students seeking admission to these courses also underwent a transformation. As a result, courses offered by the National Council are of international standard which have been recognized by the hospitality industry. At present, there are 85 Institutes comprising of 21 Central IHMs, 25 State IHMs; 1 PSU owned IHM; 24 Private IHMs and 14 Food Craft Institutes following National Council’s course curriculum. The National Council has its own website, which can be accessed at www.nchm.nic.in